Green Terrace or Terrace Garden
Today, terrace garden is created in order to be able to be present in garden terrace, especially in urban areas.
These days, building a garden terrace is one of the best ways to make optimal use of unusable spaces in a building.
Garden terrace can be designed in different styles: traditional and modern.
The architectural elements in the buildings with a terrace garden are way more than the buildings and complexes without such a space.
A green terrace is one of the most important elements in creating a green structure, in a large volume. It is actually very efficient in creating a vertical forest and in fact completing the notion of a green architecture.
The art of growing plants and crop production on a terrace of the building could be noticed a lot faster than growing greens on a field called a green terrace.
Setting up a green terrace does not have a complicated procedure, and in creating a terrace garden, items such as portable plant pots, green walls, flower boxes containing plants, trees and shrubs, etc. could be used altogether or each one alone.
Cultivating plant species could be done in the ground, pots, strip gardens with a hydroponic structure, as well as flower boxes that can contain all kinds of plants.
In designing the planting plan for the terrace garden, FARTAK green architecture Group uses a variety of resistant plant species (the durability of a plant species is one of the most influential items in creating a green and sustainable structure) and compatible with the environmental conditions;
Perennial trees and shrubs, mature and old plants, tall plants, as well as all types of plant species that cover the surface are used in order to create a green garden on your terrace and provide you with evergreen services while observing specific professional characteristics and filters.
A green terrace can produce the following benefits, which are briefly mentioned below:
- The plants that are grown on the terrace of a building will increase the level of health in individuals – if, of course, they are not infected with various pests and diseases.
- Irrigation of green areas by stored rainwater is very crucial in considerable effective decrease in water consumption and reducing the temperature of the place.
- The terrace garden creates an artificial storage of clean fresh air.
- Following a significant increase in visual beauty and aesthetic, there comes an increase in the value of the building and ultimately the added [price] value of the building.
On the one hand, terrace garden means a garden or a green space that is created on a balcony, roof, yard, patio, etc. and anywhere in the building environment with limited space. On the other hand, it is in fact a space that is actually added to the residential and livable space of a building. This space is also built with a purpose to separate areas and create a space with further privacy.
Such space is used as an external area, mostly for relaxing and having peace, so the surface of it should be always dry and smooth. By creating terrace paving or terrace grass, you can create this desirable place on the floor too.
The material that is used for terrace garden floor is stones particularly used in interior spaces as well as brick, wood, gravel, mosaic, etc.
The increase in the speed of expansion of urban life, industrialism, limitations of the earth, construction of wide roads and high-rise residential, office and commercial buildings, as well as the costs of it all, have made it very difficult to build gardens and green spaces on the ground to the extent that is ideals for the daily life of humans in big cities.
Any increase in population and number of vehicles in urban areas is a warning for more pollution and endangering urban breathing bottlenecks.
Today, breaking the monotony, providing a space in order to free the mind that is exhausted from everyday life, and reaching the peace of mind are need felt more than ever.
Therefore, lovers of nature and green spaces who live in urban areas have no choice but to have roof gardens, terrace gardens, and to develop green spaces inside and outside their building.
An example of a garden terrace designed and implemented by FARTAK Green Architecture Group:
Almost all the plants could be grown in the hydroponic terrace garden system. We should know, however, that better results have been recorded of planting some vegetables than that of other plants in this system.
When a hydroponic terrace is built based on the size, root development and strength and endurance of the plant, then in order to increase the green space, and also to increase the structure of the hydroponic garden terrace, it should be specified that such space serves as an environment for plant growth and to create a green space, or as a bed for cultivation of plants.
Flowering and fruiting of green terrace plants requires the plants to be exposed to sunlight or artificial fluorescent light, which should be placed on top of the flower boxes according to the need of the plants for light.
Once we decide to build a garden terrace in an outdoor space, then the design and arrangement of plants shall be proportionate to the surrounding environment.
It should be kept in mind that not only the size of the system, but also factors such as the passageways, having a space suitable and ready for planting operations shall be considered as they have a significant impact on the growth of plants and their rather greater sight.